There are many traditional options for the management of pain, from prescription drugs to occupational therapy. As an alternative option, Medical marijuana refers to the use of marijuana herb as a physician–advised form of drug or herbal medication or to synthetic form of certain cannabinoids such as THC (tetrahydrocannabinoid) as a medicine recommended by a physician. People have been using marijuana as pain relieving drug from a very long time. Many countries have legalised the use of marijuana as prescription drug. California, the first state to legalise medical marijuana, has 40% of the people who use marijuana to relieve chronic pain in certain diseases.[ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] [ 11 ] [ 12 ]
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Medical Marijuana For Stopping Pain
- Which scientific basis supports the use of medical marijuana?
Various studies done in the past several years provide us most of the answers related to medical marijuana. In 1990, scientist came out with the discovery of cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoid receptors are the most extensive receptor mechanism in the human body. There are mainly two types of cannabinoid receptors:
- CB1 receptors- these are found mainly in spinal cord, brain and periphery.
- CB2 receptors-These are present on the immune cells.
Some molecules known as endocannabinoids are generated by the body which react with CB1 and CB2. This is similar to the interaction of endorphins with opiod receptor system. These findings gave a new dimension to the scientific attention and study in cannabinoids. Different studies have now proved that cannabinoids present in marijuana lessen the pain and cure wide variety of signs and symptoms.
- Do the laws support the use of medical marijuana?
The rules and regulations for the use of medical marijuana are not constant. Some of the countries have totally banned the use of marijuana and impose harsh penalties for those who are found to possess any forms of the marijuana plant. In USA, government has allowed the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes covering 15 states including California, Nevada and Washington. In most of these states you can get marijuana as a prescription drug. Due to this, lots of people are interested to grow marijuana. Various methods to grow marijuana indoors and outdoors have helped people to gain the benefit of this herb. One can use hydroponics system to grow the marijuana as it does not require any soil. In hydroponics, plants are given inert and sterile atmosphere which helps them to grow faster than in any other medium such as soil.
- What are the medicinal uses of marijuana?
Marijuana has been used for medicinal purposes for more than 10,000 years. Ancient pharmaceutical manuscripts give a detail of the wide variety usage of this plant. This plant grows all over the world. Medicinal uses of this plant have been rediscovered after long years of ban in the USA. Most of the European countries and Canada are advancing rapidly in the provision of laws to permit the use of medical marijuana. Marijuana is used for curing the patients who are suffering from chronic disease. Marijuana plant is used as a supportive treatment for cancer patients to lessen the pain. Marijuana is primarily used for:
- Controlling nausea and vomiting associated with cancer therapy.
- Arousing appetite and to decrease cachexia or weight loss
- As an analgesic
- For neurological and movement disorders.
- Decrease intraocular pressure.